students were ahead of him willing to risk more, not a deeper understanding, but willing to accept more risk in the freedom rides and sit ins than he was. he was a reluctant witness, but he knew because of his ability, he said, human nature is stubborn enough there's certain things for which words alone are not powerful enough to change human beings. you have to amplify it with sacrifice, with witness, and these young students are actually pioneers in history and in politics. in january 63, he said for the first time, i am going to risk my life, and he designed this plan to go into birmingham that later had such a big impact on me. by may, he designed it, worked on it, january, february, march, started the demonstrations, april, wrote a letter from birmingham jail, nobody paid a tinker bit of attention to it.